• Question: how does a normal cell transform into a cancerous cell ?

    Asked by Leslie / Victoria to Sharon, Sahra on 12 Mar 2017.
    • Photo: Xueyuan Jiang

      Xueyuan Jiang answered on 12 Mar 2017:

      Great question!

      Normal cells transform into cancerous cell through accumulation of mutations. When the cell acquire mutations that enable their unlimited proliferation and random migration, it becomes a cancerous cell. Most of the time, those cells are detected and destroyed by our immune system. However, occasionally one or two might escape, proliferate and invade healthy cells surrounding them. They become cancer then.

    • Photo: Sahra Uygun

      Sahra Uygun answered on 13 Mar 2017:

      Sharon’s answer is great for this question. Mutations cause normal cells to transform into cancerous cells. Also, according to the Cancer Genome Project, most cancer cells possess 60 or more mutations.